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If you just learn a single trick, Scout, you'll get along a lot better with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view - until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.
~ Atticus Finch talking to his daughter Scout.

Atticus Finch is the main protagonist of the best-selling 1960 book and the treasured 1962 classic movie To Kill a Mockingbird, and a major character it's 2015 sequel novel Go Set a Watchmen. He is a widowed lawyer who lives in the "Tired Old Town" of Maycomb, Alabama whose job is to defend a african-american man named Tom Robinson after he was accused of rape.

In 2003, Atticus was voted the Greatest Movie Hero by the American Film Institute, beating out both Indiana Jones and James Bond respectfully.

He is portrayed by the late Gregory Peck in the 1962 film, and by Jeff Daniels in the 2018 play.

To Kill a Mockingbird

In both the book and the movie, Atticus Finch is a widowed Depression Era lawyer who lives in the "Tired Old Town" of Maycomb, Alabama. Wise and caring, he fathers two children, Jeremy "Jem" Finch and Jean Louise "Scout" Finch.

The town's judge appoints him to defend a black man named Tom Robinson, who is falsely accused of raping a teenaged girl named Mayella Ewell. Despite protest from most of the town, Atticus agrees to take up the position.

The town begins to turn against Atticus in the period before the trial, in one case a mob actually threatens to lynch Tom for the yet-to-be-proven crime before the trial occurs, but this is prevented when Atticus' kids convince the mob to view the situation from their point-of-view, causing the mob to disband.

During the trial, Atticus goes to many lengths to prove that Tom is not guilty. He and Tom manage to take the upper hand at first by disproving many of Mayella and her father Bob's accusations, suggesting that both Mayella and Bob were lying for their personal gain and that the real culprit was Bob after it's later revealed that he had beat Mayella after she was allegedly caught flirting with Tom.

Despite numerous evidence presented against the Ewells, Atticus and Tom ultimately loses the trial, as the all bigoted jury convicts him. Atticus is initially disappointed in the loss, but he is later shocked to learn that Tom was later killed when trying to escape from prison, causing him to believe that there is no faith in justice in his town.

Fortunately, Atticus' accusations at the trial are able to taint the reputation of the Ewells in the community, Bob, who is enraged by Atticus' claims against him and his daughter that he spits in Atticus' face as he leaves the courthouse as a sign of swearing vengeance against him and his family.

Atticus' beliefs that Tom was innocent and Bob was the real culprit of raping Mayella are later implied to be true after Scout and Jem are attacked by Bob as they are returning home from a halloween pageant, he is later killed in the struggled by Boo Radley.

When Sheriff Tate arrives at the Finch household, the two have an argument in which Tate threatens to arrest and charge Jem and/or Boo with "killing" Bob Ewell. To secure both his son and Boo's innocence, Atticus convinces Tate that Bob died when he fell on the knife that was found at the scene amongst the struggle. At an impasse, Atticus successfully defends both Jem and Boo when Sheriff Tate reluctantly accepts Atticus' story and leaves.

Personality

Atticus is very polite and compassionate. Unlike most white individuals in his town, he has a strong stance fighting against racism and devotes himself to an anti-racism philosophy. When Tom Robinson, a black man is accused of allegedly raping a girl, he quickly vows to defend him at all cost, regardless of whether or not he loses the support of much of his town.

Trivia

  • Atticus Finch was portrayed by the late Gregory Peck, who received a Best Actor Academy Award for his stunning performance.
  • He was inspired by author Harper Lee's father, Amasa Coleman Lee, who stood up for African Americans, just as Atticus did.

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