Shu (in Chinese: 蜀), also known as Shu Han (in Chinese: 蜀漢), are the heroic faction in the 14th-century Chinese classic novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms by the late Luo Guanzhong, and its multiple adaptations. They are one of the three influential kingdoms in China. In the Dynasty Warriors game series and the most fictional media, the kingdom is symbolized by the color green and a Chinese dragon as a reference to Qinglong. Shu is sometimes symbolized by peach blossoms, a reference to the Peach Garden Oath.
Shu Han is founded by Liu Bei after conquering Yi Province. From the territory he acquired, Liu Bei established his position in China in the last few years of the Han Dynasty. However, when the Sun sent his general Lu Meng into the province, the alliance between Liu Bei and his ally Sun Quan was broken. Liu Bei lost his territory to Sun Quan in Jing Province. Guan Yu, the general who guards Liu Bei's assets in Jing Province, was captured and executed by Sun Quan's forces.
However, Cao Cao died and was succeeded by his son, Cao Pi, who forced the last Han ruler, Emperor Xian, to abdicate the throne in his favour. After Cao Pi established Wei kingdom and declared himself emperor, however, Liu Bei become the emperor of China. When he launched a campaign against Sun Quan, regained Jingzhou, and to avenge his sworn brothers Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, that finally emerged in the Battle of Yiling. However, due to serious tactical mistakes, Liu Bei suffered crushing defeat at the hands of Sun Quan's general Lu Xun, and lost the most of his army.
Liu Bei survived the battle and retreated to Baidi City, where he died of illness. After many years of wars with his neighbors, especially Wei, who suffered 5 invasions by Zhuge Liang and 11 expeditions by his successor Jiang Wei, making a total of 16 invasions without much success. During this last period Shu was marked by growing corruption at the hands of Huang Hao leaving the kingdom in poverty. After Zhuge Liang's death, he was succeeded by Jiang Wei, who started the campaign against Wei; a total of six. He was defeated every time and unlike Zhuge Liang, he did lose many people and resources and was slowly exhausting the country.
While Jiang Wei's expeditions depleted the limited resources, material and human, and the kingdom. Sima Zhao was fed up with the invasions of Jiang Wei and wanted to send a murderer to kill him, however a counselor told him that the best thing would be to conquer Shu and sent an army of 160,000 to conquer the kingdom. Deng Ai and Zhong Hui commanded the army. Together they are took Hanzhong and marched to conquer what was left of Shu. The conquest came to a standstill when Jiang Wei and Liao Hua settled in Jian'ge and stopped the 130,000 army of Zhong Hui with only 50,000. The campaign would have failed had it not been because Deng Ai crossed a hilly road and reached the capital after defeating the army led by Zhuge Zhan in Mianzhu. After this he surrounded Chengdu and Liu Shan is also surrendered.
When Zhong Hui is manipulated by Jiang Wei, declared his independence from Wei and rebelled against the reign of Sima Zhao and declared his independence in Shu. However, this was discovered and Jiang Wei and Zhong Hui both died at the hands of their own soldiers. Deng Ai was later reached and died as well. Liu Shan was taken to Luoyang, where he met Sima Zhao and was awarded the title of "Duke of Anle". However, he lived a comfortable and peaceful life in Luoyang until his day was over.
- Shu also appears as one of the factions in the Knights of Valour series.
- Shu is the faction that has the most playable characters.