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|“||We the lifeforms of the United Federation of Planets determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, and to reaffirm faith in the fundamental rights of sentient beings, in the dignity and worth of all lifeforms, in the equal rights of members of planetary systems large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of interstellar law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of living on all worlds...||„|
|~ The opening paragraph of the Federation Charter|
The United Federation of Planets (more often referred to simply as the Federation) is an interstellar federal republic composed of sovereign planets and their colonies, depicted in the Star Trek franchise.
The Federation was founded in 2161 by United Earth, the Confederacy of Vulcan, the Andorian Empire, the Tellarites, and Alpha Centauri. Among the signatories of the Federation Charter were Jonathan Archer, T'Pau, and future Starfleet officer Spock's great-grandfather Solkar.
Within a couple years of the founding of the Federation the United Rigel Worlds and Colonies joined the Federation. By the 24th century there were over 150 members and over 1,000 other associated worlds that had joined the Federation. By the late 31st century the Federation consisted of about 350 members at its greatest extent.
Due to the various Temporal Wars the Federation spent much of the 30th century enforcing the temporal accords that forbade time travel. By this time the Federation was becoming a victim of its own success, with the amount of available dilithium no longer able to meet the needs of the Federation.
In the 31st century, in the event later generations would call The Burn much of the galaxy's dilithium had spontaneously exlpoded, killing countless numbers of sentients. Unable to determine why the disaster occured or if there would be a repeat the Federation collapsed in upon itself and ceased to be a galactic power. Feeling that Earth would be a target, the Federation and Starfleet relocated their headquarters from Earth to a space based installation. Earth seceded from the Federation, with United Earth assuming responsibility for the protection of Earth. The reunified Vulcan and Romulan people also left the Federation, feeling that the relationship between them and the Federation had become very one sided.
After arriving in the 32nd centurty the crew of the USS Discovery found the Burn had inadvertently been caused by a Kelpian named Su'kal. Born on a dilithium nursery the crystals resonated with Su'kal, and when his mother died Su'kal's emotional reaction caused a shockwave that rendered crystals inert, thus causing the Burn. After Su'kal was resecued the threat of another Burn had been eliminated, and the Federation had a new source of dilithium. The Federation took the first steps towards restoring itself, with the planet Trill rejoining the Federation and the Vulcan/Romulan government also beginnging talks with the Federation.
Initially based in the Alpha Quadrant, the Federation would continuously grow and eventually evolve into a galactic Federation that included all the space faring races of the Milky Way Galaxy.
The Federation was governed by a council, and led by a President based out of the Palais de la Concorde in Paris, France. Some of the more notable Federation Presidents included Jonathan Archer, Hiram Roth, Ra-ghoratreii, Hikaru Sulu, and Nanietta Bacco.