|“||You are not to make a real stand, but merely to begin the fight. You are to lose and not win, for a grand ruse is ready for the enemy.||„|
|~ Xiahou Yuan.|
|“||That's another enemy pounded into submission!||„|
|~ Xiahou Yuan's victory quote.|
Xiahou Yuan (Chinese: 夏侯淵) is one of the supporting characters in the 14th-century Chinese classic novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms by the late Luo Guanzhong, and its multiple adaptations. He is a military general who serving under the warlord Cao Cao in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
Xiahou Yuan was born in Qiao County. Even then, Cao Cao and Xiahou Yuan are the best friends. Tell that Xiahou Yuan once covered Cao Cao when he committed an act of misdeed. Cao Cao set up an army to joined the coalition against Dong Zhuo, who captured the young Emperor Xian under his control. Xiahou Yuan and his older cousin Xiahou Dun were joined Cao Cao and remained loyal to Dong Zhuo's case on many campaigns. After the Battle of Guandu, Xiahou Yuan was responsible for supplying the troops in Yanzhou, Yuzhou, and Xuzhou. Through his strict surveillance Cao Cao's force was able to prepare quickly for the upcoming major campaigns. Ma Chao besieged the city of Ji in Liangzhou. Xiahou Yuan led a relief army to the city, but Ma Chao conquered it before Xiahou Yuan arrived. One year later, Ma Chao only went to Hanzhong and joined his armies to attacked Mount Qi. Jiang Xu and other rushed to Xiahou Yuan for helped, the generals thought that they needed Cao Cao's instructions and Xiahou Yuan personally supervised the grain. When Zhang He arrived at the Wei River, Ma Chao couldn't stand his anger and defeated by him.
Xiahou Yuan arrived at Mount Qi and rescued his troops, many generals had already surrendered. At some point, Xiliang general Han Sui was showing his relatives, Xiahou Yuan wanted to take the opportunity to attack him. Han Sui was afraid and left the food to escape, Xiahou Yuan cleaned up the foods of Han Sui's army and chased all the way to Lueyang. When he was more than twenty miles away from Han Sui and generals wanted to attack as soon as possible, Han Sui was a ragtag group consisting mostly of members of the Qiang tribes of Changli. Xiahou Yuan took advantage of this and attacked Changli to lure Han Sui out of his stronghold. He left his supplies behind and feigned a fake attack on the city with a small band. As expected, Han Sui immediately came with his army to protect the Qiang tribe. His force was numerically far superior to the Xiahou Yuan. Nonetheless, Xiahou Yuan chose not to build fortifications to further stress his exhausted warriors. He ordered the immediate attack, and with reinforcements from the hinterland, managed to facing Han Sui. After defeating Han Sui, Xiahou Yuan eliminated the last resistance in the region. The most of the Qiang tribes surrendered to him.
Cao Cao overwhelmed his general with praise, quoting Confucius: "As good as you could not have done that." The smaller Qiang tribes were so impressed with Xiahou Yuan that Cao Cao just had to name his general, and they were she meekly. However, Zhang Lu handed over the Hanzhong region to Cao Cao. It represented the strategically most important area between the territory Liu Bei and Cao Cao. Cao Cao entrusted Xiahou Yuan with the defense of Hanzhong. The following year, Liu Bei attacked Xiahou Yuan with his armies at the Yanping Pass. But Liu Bei finally managed to set the palisade wall in front of Xiahou Yuan's camp at the foot of Mount Dingjun. Xiahou Yuan ordered Zhang He to defend the camp in the east, but Liu Bei harassed him with his entire force and Zhang He was overwhelmed. Occasionally he does not deliberately offend others that can avoid a difficult advantage, Xiahou Yuan withdrew in support and a raiding party led by Huang Zhong attacked him from the cross. But later on, Xiahou Yuan died in Hanzhong, Wei lost for decades. Deng Ai go back to Wei through the campaign, which destroyed the Shu Kingdom. After his death, Xiahou Yuan received the posthumous title Marquis Min.
Xiahou Yuan is a gruff yet practical man of war. Though dedicated to his family's vision, he is more social and loose than his older cousins, willing to crack affable jokes during battle. While Xiahou Yuan thinks of every battle as a step in Cao Cao's conquests and wants them to be done and over with as soon as possible. The said he has little tolerance for interruptions and is known to have a short fuse when the enemy gains the advantage. When off duty, he is actually a kind soul who doesn't stress too much over his losses. For it would shown he is the one who offers an optimistic and friendly view to his brooding comrades within Wei.
- Xiahou Yuan is a playable character in the Dynasty Warriors series.
- Xiahou Yuan is a recurring boss character in the Knight of Valour video game series.