Zhou Tai is a minor protagonist in the 14th-century Chinese classic novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms by the late Luo Guanzhong, and its multiple adaptations. He is one of the generals of Sun Quan.
Zhou Tai is a native of the Jiujiang region, and is described as a pirate in the surrounding area. But it is difficult to know whether he really practiced as a pirate because in the historical record it was only mentioned that he came from the area. Zhou Tai at that time together Jiang Qin joined Sun Ce as one of the Sun family's personal guards. When Sun Ce entered the Kuaiji area, Zhou Tai was appointed as a Major with a separate command, and was given a number of troops to be ordered. At this time Sun Quan began to be attracted to Zhou Tai, and requested that he be transferred to his command.
Several times throughout his career, Zhou Tai saved Sun Quan from danger by risking his own life. On one occasion, when Sun Ce came out to fight Shanyue's rebellion from caves in the six Jiangdong prefectures, only Sun Quan remained in Xuan city with less than a thousand guards. As a result of his negligence, he did not arrange the line of defense of the city. Several thousand Shanyue rebels attacked in. By the time Sun Quan was about to ride his horse to escape, the bandits had succeeded in encircling him. Sun Quan and a small number of his troops were attacked from various directions, causing great panic at the time. Only Zhou Tai dared to get up to protect Sun Quan with his body. He repelled all enemies who tried to approach Sun Quan until the other troops could take a position to protect Sun Quan too. After the battle was over, Zhou Tai was found unconscious with many injuries all over his body. If Zhou Tai wasn't there that day, Sun Quan would have died. Because of this incident, Zhou Tai was awarded as Chunju Prefecture Chief by Sun Ce.
Sometime after the incident, Zhou Tai joined Sun Ce to attack Liu Xun at Wan and Huang Zu from Jiangxia. On their way back from the war, they passed the Yuzhang area. There he was awarded the title of Head of Yichun Prefecture. This prefecture region produces the food supplies needed by their troops. Zhou Tai also helped in defense against attacks from Huang Zu's troops several times. Zhou Tai was one of the ten generals of the Wu State who participated in the Battle of Chibi. Under Zhou Yu's leadership, Sun Quan's forces managed to win the battle against the forces of Cao Cao's army. Zhou Tai is also participated in the siege of Jiangling fortress which made Sun Quan succeed in occupying the Nan area. Then, when Cao Cao's army launched an attack on Ruxukou, Zhou Tai went to face the attack. After Cao Cao resigned, Zhou Tai was appointed as Ruxukou ruler and "General who united the Caitiffs" as well. At that time Zhou Tai was placed in Ruxukou's fortress, Zhu Ran and Xu Sheng were also placed with Zhou Tai. They did not want to obey Zhou Tai's orders because of the background he had. Therefore Sun Quan made a special trip to the Ruxukou fortress to meet with all the generals there. A large party was held, where Sun Quan personally gave Zhou Tai a cup of wine, and asked him to show his wounds. Sun Quan also then asked Zhou Tai to tell them the wounds were coming from. After that they shared stories about the memories of previous battles. Sun Quan held Zhou Tai's arm, and shed tears. After all that, he asked his horse to be prepared for him to go and asked Zhou Tai to accompany him out. Xu Sheng and Zhu Ran and other generals respected Zhou Tai and obey his orders.
After Sun Quan defeats Guan Yu, he plans to invade Shu Han. He appointed Zhou Tai to be the leader of Hanzhong and General who aroused courage. He also conferred the title Marquis from Lingyang to Zhou Tai. Zhou Tai died in the Huangwu era. Zhou Tai's son, Zhou Shao, also led the army, with the position of Commander of the Cavalry Chief. He obtained services in battle when Cao Ren attacked Ruxukou, and he also helped Lu Xun in Sitting's battle against Cao Xiu. Then he was promoted to the rank of Major General. He died in the second year of Huanglong. His younger brother, Zhou Cheng, took command of the troops and inherited the title that Zhou Tai possessed.
- He is a playable character in the Dynasty Warriors series.
- He is one of the recurring boss characters in the Knights of Valour game series.